A replacement of all signalling on the entire Banedanmark railway network with ERTMS by the end of 2023 and all signalling on the Copenhagen S-bane with CBTC by 2021.
That is the objective of the Danish Signalling Programme decided by the Danish Parliament in 2009. The decision to fund a total replacement programme was made by a broad political majority.
It was a historic decision. A total renewal of all signalling on a national rail network in a single programme has never been attempted on this scale before in Europe. Denmark will be the first country to carry out a countrywide implementation of ERTMS level 2, the newest European common signalling standard.
The programme represents a major change in technology intended to maximize the possibilities and benefits of re-signalling the Danish railway network. It is unique in its approach of focusing on economies of scale and creating a competitive market situation to ensure optimized price and quality. This may be a normal market situation in many other businesses but unusual in the signalling business.
The best and the most economical solution
The strategy envisages an investment of EUR 2.5 billion. It takes into account a full ERTMS level 2 baseline 3 implementation including all on-board and trackside equipment on the Fjernbane, a full CBTC-system on the S-bane, all interlocking equipment, countrywide coverage of traffic management systems and GSM-R data system, interface management, stakeholder management, project management, safety approvals, design, testing, implementation, training and a series of changes to the internal processes of Banedanmark.
Total replacement means that all existing equipment is to be replaced - regardless of age or level of technology. Comparative studies of different strategies showed that this is simply the best and most economical solution. It gives the best performance at the lowest investment.
Across the network, passengers can expect better punctuality, increased line speed with higher capacity on selected lines and shorter journey times on some routes. All main and regional lines in Denmark will be equipped with ERTMS level 2.
Banedanmark expects an 80% decline in signal-related delays on main and regional lines and a 50% decline on the Copenhagen S-bane as a result of the Signalling Programme.
Countrywide there will be a higher and more homogenous level of safety. Future maintenance will be more economical and the system will provide an unprecedented foundation for better centralized traffic control, energy optimization, and on-time passenger information.
Doubling the number of rail passengers
Denmark has a vision to double the number of rail passengers by 2030.
It is the political intention that rail traffic shall absorb the expected increase in Danish traffic volume from now until the year 2030.
This will be made possible by a number of combined initiatives. Most of these rely on the advantages of the Signalling Programme. The major initiatives are: A much more intense use of the Banedanmark rail network, more and longer trains, the implementation of the new rail line Copenhagen-Ringsted 2018, Femern Belt fixed link 2028 and adjoining rail-upgrades no later than the Femern fixed link implementation date, the Metro-Ring-line in Copenhagen in 2019, and double tracks on the Northwest line and in southern Jutland among other projects.
The contracts with the main suppliers were signed in 2011 and 2012. A client organization of 180 people and a great number of supplier staff are working hard to implement the Danish Signalling Programme.